On this day – 13 March

  1. 1519: Hernando Cortes lands in Mexico, marking the beginning of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
  2. 1781: William Herschel discovers Uranus, the first new planet to be discovered in over 70 years.
  3. 1865: The Confederate States of America officially approve the use of African American soldiers in their army.
  4. 2013: Pope Francis is elected as the first pope from the Americas, and the first Jesuit pope.

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