Gandhi begins salt march:
On March 12, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi and a group of supporters set out on a march to the Arabian Sea to protest the British salt tax. The march, also known as “Salt Satyagraha”, was a pivotal moment in India’s struggle for independence from British rule.
Clyde Tombaugh Discovers Pluto:
On March 12, 1930, American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona. Before being reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006, Pluto was considered the ninth planet in our solar system.
Constantinople renamed Istanbul:
On March 12, 1930, the Turkish government officially renamed the city of Constantinople to Istanbul as part of its effort to promote Turkish nationalism and identity.